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JERSEY KNIGHT: Full sun. A marked improvement over Mary Washington, with a much higher percentage of male plants which produce larger spears. A perennial which dies to the ground in fall. Harvest in the third season after planting. To harvest, cut the new shoots when they reach a height of 6-10". Trim in spring if possible to ensure the crown is insulated during winter months. Needs well drained soils. Growing zones 3 to 7.
Blueberries are semi-self fruitful, meaning if you plant one variety you will get fruit. By mixing two or more varieties, you will get better fruit production due to cross pollination. Blueberries perform best on acidic soils with a pH range from 4.5 to 5.5. Because of their shallow, fibrous root systems, blueberries require a soil that is uniformly moist, but not saturated. Heavy, poorly drained soils should be avoided. Protect from rabbits if they are present during the winter months, as they will browse the plants to the ground.
NORTHBLUE: Height: 20”-30”, Width: 30”-36”. Full sun. Fruit is dark blue, 1/2" in diameter and attractive with a good blueberry flavor. Glossy dark green leaves in summer turn a deep red in fall. Partially self-fruitful, but will produce heavier if planted with another variety. Requires acidic, well drained uniformly moist soil. Growing zones 4 to 8.
NORTHCOUNTRY: Height: 18”-24”, Width: 30”-40”. Full sun. A shorter variety with ½” berries with a sweet, mild flavor. Partially self-fruitful, but will produce heavier if planted with another variety. Requires acidic, well drained uniformly moist soil. Growing zones 4 to 7.
PATRIOT: Height: 4’-6’, Width: 3’-4’. Full sun. Fruit is 5/8" in diameter, flat and firm. Bush is upright, open and vigorous. Partially self-fruitful, but will produce heavier if planted with another variety. Requires acidic, well drained uniformly moist soil. Growing zones 4 to 8.
Grapes are fully self-fruitful, and do not require a second vine to produce fruit. Grapes require full sun, and well drained warm soils to achieve maximum production. Grapes require a trellis or other structure to climb on.
BLUEBELL: Full sun. Resembles Concord in size and color but with a more tender skin and much hardier. Ripens 2 to 3 weeks earlier than Concord, in mid-September. Can be left up on the trellis and suffers little or no dieback. Excellent for eating, juice, and jellies. Self fertile. Can be planted with other varieties. Best on well drained to dry soils. Growing zones 4 to 8.
KAY GRAY: Full sun. A hardy white grape with very sweet fruit suitable for eating and winemaking. Medium sized berries are produced in tightly packed, small clusters. Extremely productive and hardy enough that it does not need winter protection. Typically ripens the first week of September in central Minnesota. Growing zones 4 to 8.
PETITE JEWELL: Full sun. A somewhat hard to find variety that produces small seedless grapes suitable for eating and winemaking. The fruit ripens early,(early August) and can be eaten from the pink stage to the fully ripe stage. At the fully ripe stage it will have a rich, slightly spicy flavor. May require protection from the birds. Growing zones 4 to 8. Photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries Inc.
SOMERSET: Full sun. A seedless table grape (the skin stays on the flesh), for eating and juicing. Developed by Elmer Swenson from Petite Jewell, it is a vigorous grower that bears heavily. Somerset produces small, tight clusters of small, deep red berries with a strawberry like flavor. Fruit is edible at the pink stage in August, but will be more flavorful if left to full ripen to a deep red color. Growing zones 4 to 8. Photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries Inc.
Honeyberry are part of the honeysuckle family. The fruit has a taste that has been compared to blueberries, blackberries, raspberries and black currants. They require full sun and a second variety for pollination. Easier to grow than blueberries, the fruit can be used for fresh eating, pies, or jellies and jams. Berries should be left to ripen for 2 to 3 weeks after turning blue for best flavor.
BERRY BLUE (Lonicera caerulea 'Berry Blue') Full sun: Height: 4', Width: 3'. Large blueberry-like tasting fruits can be used just like blueberries. Fruit ripens in early summer. A vigorous grower that will perform best on well drained mositure retentive soil. Growing zones 3 to 8.
INDIGO GEM (Lonicera caerulea '9-15'): Full sun: Height: 3'-4', width: 3'-4'. Elongated oval shaped berries ripening to a dusky blue color. A mix of slightly tart flavor with sweet overtones. Fast growing and hardy. Use 'Berry Blue' as a pollinator. Growing zones 2 to 7.
TUNDRA (Lonicera caerulea 'Tundra') Full sun. Height: 4'-5', width: 4'-5'. Larger fruit than other varities, the berries taste like wild blueberries with a hint of black currant. Use Berry Blue for a pollinator. Growing zones 3 to 8. Photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries Inc.
HARDY (Kiwi Kolomikta): Full sun to part shade. Height: 15'-20'. A deciduous twining vine. The female plant produces 1" long sweet smooth green fruit that resemble green grapes. The male variety, Arctic Beauty, is sterile but required to set fruit on the female variety. The male variety produces vibrant colored foliage with green, pink, and white variegated foliage, which is most colorful in full sun. Plant one male and one female for fruit production. Growing zones 4 to 8.
Raspberries perform best when grown in full sun, although they will produce fruit when they receive 6 or more hours of direct sunlight. They perform best on fertile soils that are well drained. All berries, including raspberries require an even supply of moisture from the time they start blooming until the fruit ripens. A lack of water during this period will result in small berries that crumble when picked and aren't as juicy or as productive. A thorough watering once a week during dry periods will greatly improve fruit production and quality. July bearing types should have the old canes removed immediately after fruit production has finished. The canes will quickly die off when they have finished producing fruit, making them easy to identify. Cut the canes off just above the soil line to allow the new, fruiting canes to grow unobstructed. Everbearing raspberries may be trimmed to the ground in spring if you are only interested in the fall crop. If you are interested in the summer crop, trim the old canes after they die off.
ANNE: Full sun. Height: 6'. Anne is a fallbearing, golden raspberry from the University of Maryland. Light golden yellow fruit is large and firm, with a light, sweet flavor that may have a hint of banana during cooler weather. May produce a small summer crop, but the largest yield occurs in early fall until a killing frost arrives. Requires well drained, fertile soil. Growing zones 4 to 10.
BRISTOL BLACK: Full sun. Height: 6’. Fruit is black and large with attractive, glossy skin. A July-bearing variety with vigorous and hardy canes. Bristol has a stronger taste that isn't as sweet as red raspberries. Excellent for eating and jellies. Requires a well drained, fertile soil. Growing zones 4 to 8.
EVERBEARING RED: Full Sun. Height: 5’-6’. Large red berries with good flavor and quality. Produces its first crop in mid-July, with the second crop in mid-September continuing until frost. Can be trimmed to the ground in Spring for a fall only crop. Requires a well drained, fertile soil. Growing zones 4 to 8.
GOLDEN QUEEN: Full sun. Height 4'-5'. A large everbearing type with golden yellow berries. A lighter taste than red or black raspberries, Golden Queen has long, golden yellow fruit that is produced in greater quantities in fall. Requires a fertile well drained soil and full sun. Growing zones 4 to 8.
JULY BEARING RED: Full sun. Height: 5’-6’. Large, red berries with medium acid and aromatic flavor. Vigorous, large canes spread by runners and rarely suffer winter dieback. Begins producing in early July and continues through the end of the month. Requires fertile, well drained soil. Growing zones 3 to 7.
ROYALTY: Height: 6’-7’. Full sun. A July bearing type that is a cross between a purple and a red raspberry. Extremely vigorous growing, the fruit is extremely large, turning a purplish-red when ripe. Fruit has excellent mild sweet flavor and is produced in July. Excellent for eating and jellies. Requires well drained, fertile soils. Growing zones 4 to 7.
Rhubarb is an easy to grow perennial. Choose an area with well drained soil and full sunlight. You can use the stalks until the end of June, when they will get woody and and become much less palatable. You must leave enough stems/leaves for the plant to grow, so don't remove more than about one-third of the stems.
(CHIPMAN’S) CANADA RED: Full sun. Everyone has a favorite rhubarb recipe, whether it be for pies, jellies, wine or some other use. This red variety is sweeter than green or other red varieties. It produces stems that are slightly smaller than green types. Growing zones 3 to 7.
Strawberries require full sun and well drained, fertile soils. Like other berries, they require an even supply of moisture from the time they start blooming until the fruit ripens. A lack of water during this period will result in small berries that may be mis-shaped, aren't as juicy, or have poor taste or be less productive. All strawberries should be muched in fall after the ground has started to freeze (usually in late November). Use 6-8 inches of straw or meadow hay to cover the plants, and do not uncover until spring temperatures warm enough that hard freezes are no longer expected. Keep the straw next to the row, and cover the plants if they have started blooming and frost is expected. Once all chances of frost have passed, carefully place the straw under the plants to keep the berries clean by keeping them off the dirt. The straw will also help retain moisture during dry periods. June bearing berries produce one crop starting in early to mid-June. They are usually larger and more tart than everbearing varieties. After they have finished producing berries, cut the plants down to the ground, fertilize and water to restart them for the next summers crop. Everbearing varieties produce a crop in early summer, and will produce additional berries through the growing season. Do not cut these plants down after the first crop.
ALLSTAR: Full sun. A june bearing variety with an excellent strawberry flavor and large fruit. Berries are firm, sweet and extra juicy. Great for fresh eating and an excellent choice for freezing and canning. Growing Zones 4-10. Best production on well drained, fertile soils. Mulch in late fall with straw to ensure winter survival.
JUNE BEARING: Full sun. Large, bright red berries with an excellent sweet-tart berry flavor are produced in mid June. Best production on well drained, fertile soils. Mulch in late fall with straw to ensure winter survival. Growing zones 4 to 7.
OGALLALA EVERBEARING: Full sun. Considered the hardiest of the everbearing varieties. A cross of a hybrid and Rocky Mountain strawberry. Small to medium sized dark red extra sweet berries are produced in early summer, and again in early fall. Needs fertile, well drained soil. Growing zones 3 to 7.